You can use Apache Maven with Eclipse as your IDE for creating Java applications. Once you’ve installed the IDE, click the Build menu, then select Run As->Maven Build. You can also customize the Maven configuration. In the Run As window, select the goal, profile, and version, then click OK. When the project is finished, you should see the build result. You can continue working in Eclipse, or you can use the Maven command to execute the build.
Maven is a project management system. The useScope attribute allows you to restrict the dependencies to a minimum. This prevents the jars from bloat the project’s file size. For example, if the project is designed for testing, you don’t need to include the junit jars, because the application server will provide them. By using the useScope attribute, you can set a strict minimum number of jars to use.
The directory structure you choose is not crucial. While the src directory should have the application source code, the build directory should contain the compiled classes. The unit test classes should go into a separate directory. This separation also makes the project easier to maintain. The two directories don’t have to be the same, so make sure to keep them separate. To run unit tests, use the test directory instead of the application source code.
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